Heart diseases


Heart is a muscular organ which is the basic unit of life in a body. It pumps blood around the body with the help of blood vessels. It is located in the middle compartment of the chest. It also demonstrates the two types of blood in the form of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood which is having more oxygen amount and less amount of oxygen respectively. If a heart is working properly so it will give a good and healthy life. If there will be a problem so it will cause major diseases and can lead serious heart problems.

Heart diseases (Cardiovascular diseases):

Now a day’s heart diseases are common diseases which are suffering by every third person. It may causes by different factors which may happens due to ageing effect, improper diet, smoking, drugs, lifestyle and genetics etc. There are also many precautions to overcome these diseases and treatments as well. By adopting healthy lifestyle we can prevent these diseases and keep ourselves healthier.

What are the different types of heart diseases and their symptoms?

There are several types of heart disease which leads cause of death. Every year in thousand numbers people lose their lives just because of heart diseases. Some of the types of heart diseases are given:

Arrhythmia :
It is a heart rhythm abnormality. Its symptoms are
1. Chest pain
2. Dizziness
3. Fluttering heart or racing heartbeat
4. Slow pulse
5. Fibrillation


It is hardening of arteries. Symptoms of this disease are included
1. Chest pain
2. Shortness of breath
3. Weakness in legs and arms
4. Coldness and numbness especially in the limbs

Coronary artery disease

It is caused by the buildup of plaque in the hearts arteries. It is also called ischemic heart disease. Symptoms are following by which we can diagnose this disease easily:
1. Discomfort
2. Shortness of breath
3. Nausea
4. Feelings of indigestion or gas
5. Feelings of pressure and squeezing in the chest

Heart infection

It is caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, virus and parasites. There symptoms are:
1. Chest pain
2. Chest congestion
3. Coughing
4. Fever
5. Chills
6. Skin rash

Congenital heart defects

It may cause by birth because of the heart irregularities. It may diagnoses by these symptoms:
1. Blue-tinged skin
2. Fatigue or low energy
3. Irregular heart rhythm
4. Swelling of the extremities

Myocardial infraction

It is also known as Heart attack, as it caused because of the blood clot in the coronary arteries and damage the part of the heart muscles. Its symptoms are:
1. Heart muscles stretch
2. Chest pain

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

It cause because of genetic disorder in which walls of left ventricles are harden and cause difficulty to pump blood out of the blood.
1. Genetic disorder
2. Weakness or shortness of breath

Mitral valve prolapsed

This disease causes as the valves may not fully close between the left atrium and left ventricle and bulges upward and backward flow of blood. Its symptoms are:
1. Breath problem
2. Pain in chest
3. Weakness in the limbs
4. Neck pain

Pulmonary steno sis

It causes when the pulmonary valves become too tight and make hard to flow the blood from the right ventricle to pulmonary artery. Symptoms are:
1. Feelings of pressure
2. Breath problem
3. Anxiety

Causes of heart diseases:

Heart diseases may cause problem in whole the heart or may in the some parts or heart, valve or in arteries. Some of the causes may be due to the improper diet, taking drugs, more about of some nutrients and many other things are causing these problems. Some of the causes which may lead death cases are given below:
1. Overweight and obesity
2. Family history or genetic disorder
3. High blood pressure and cholesterol
4. Diabetes
5. Ages
6. Junk foods
7. Smoking
8. Drugs
9. Uncontrolled factors
10. Bacteria, viruses and parasites

Risks factors:

There are two types of factors are there some of them are controllable and some aren’t. Factors which are depend on controllable risks they are
High blood pressure, which can controllable by suing advice of doctors.
Obesity, it can be control by the taking diet properly.
Smoking or taking drugs, these can also be control by taking fewer amounts of drugs and try to lose these habits.
High cholesterol, it can also be control by taking medication and different exercises.
Diabetes can also be decreasing the chances of getting heart disease if its level will be normal.

Uncontrollable risks:

Uncontrollable risks of getting heart disease are may caused the dead of a life. It may having various causes of the uncontrollable risks
Family history, as the genetic disorders sometimes lead uncontrollable disease.
1. Ethnicity
2. Sex
3. Age
These are the same factors which demonstrate the uncontrollable heart diseases.

How is heart disease diagnosed?

Heart diseases may mostly diagnose after the many stages ended somehow they can also be diagnose in early stages by regular checkup and treatment as well. There are some possibilities to diagnose heart diseases.

Physical exams and blood tests:

physical exams, genetic history, personal medical history, cholesterol level and signs of inflammation.

Noninvasive tests:

ECG, Echocardiogram, stress test, carotid ultrasound, CT scan, Tilt table test.

Invasive tests:

Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography, Electrophysiology study.

Treatments of heart diseases:

Treatments are depending on the cases of disease. If you have the heart infection so doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to relieve the pain. On the other hand if a person got plaque buildup, so they may take a two-pronged approach. Treatments of heart diseases may divide into three main categories.
1. Lifestyle change
2. Medications
3. Surgery or invasive procedures

How can I prevent heart disease?

We can also decrease the chances of getting diseases by controlling food habits, diseases treatments but some of them are uncontrollable so we are unable to control them. For a healthier life adopting healthy lifestyle help to control the risks of getting diseases.


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